James Marshall „Jimi“ Hendrix (* November als John Allen Hendrix in Seattle, Washington; † September in London) war ein. New York (dpa) - Das Leben von Jimi Hendrix war kurz und rauschhaft. Er wurde nur 27 Jahre alt - wie auch Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison und. Andere Musiker wurden als Gitarrengötter verehrt. Er drang in höhere Sphären vor: Jimi Hendrix zum Todestag.
Jimi HendrixFür viele gilt Jimi Hendrix als der beste Gitarrist aller Zeiten. Mit seinem innovativen Spiel und oft extremen Auftritten revolutionierte er die. Welche Gitarren spielte Jimi Hendrix? Wie hat Hendrix seine Gitarren modifiziert? Welche Saiten hat Hendrix gespielt? Amps & Effekte von Hendrix. Welchen Amp. Jimi Hendrix. Als der jährige James Marshall Hendrix am September in London unter tragischen Umständen stirbt, verliert die Rockmusik einen ihrer.
Jimi.Hendrix Quick Facts VideoThe Jimi Hendrix Experience - All Along The Watchtower (Official Audio) Erste Konzerte wurden zum Triumph. August Das Woodstock-Festival ist eigentlich schon vorbei. Jimi Hendrix, der Gitarrengott. Hier begann er, seinen Stil und ein eigenes musikalisches Repertoire zu entwickeln.
One of his most memorable performances was at Woodstock in , where he performed "The Star-Spangled Banner. He had a difficult childhood, sometimes living in the care of relatives or acquaintances.
His mother, Lucille, was only 17 years old when Hendrix was born. She had a stormy relationship with his father, Al, and eventually left the family after the couple had two more children together, sons Leon and Joseph.
Hendrix would only see his mother sporadically before her death in In many ways, music became a sanctuary for Hendrix. He was a fan of blues and rock and roll, and with his father's encouragement taught himself to play guitar.
When Hendrix was 16, his father bought him his first acoustic guitar, and the next year his first electric guitar — a right-handed Supro Ozark that the natural lefty had to flip upside down to play.
In , he dropped out of high school and worked odd jobs while continuing to follow his musical aspirations. In , Hendrix followed in his father's footsteps by enlisting in the United States Army.
While training as a paratrooper, Hendrix still found time for music, forming a band named the King Kasuals. Hendrix served in the army until when he was honorably discharged after injuring himself during a parachute jump.
After leaving the military, Hendrix began working under the name Jimmy James as a session musician, playing backup for such performers as Little Richard , B.
King , Sam Cooke and the Isley Brothers. In mid, Hendrix met Chas Chandler — bass player of the British rock group the Animals — who signed an agreement with Hendrix to become his manager.
Legal complications from an old contract predating his British sojourn froze his recording royalties, necessitating constant touring to pay his bills; and his audiences were reluctant to allow him to progress beyond the musical blueprint of his earliest successes.
He was on the verge of solving both these problems when he died of an overdose of barbiturates, leaving behind a massive stockpile of works-in-progress that were eventually edited and completed by others.
For Hendrix, the thunderous drama of his hard rock band was but a fraction of what he aspired to: he wanted to compose more complex music for larger ensembles, rather than simply to improvise endlessly in front of a rhythm section for audiences waiting for him to smash or burn his guitar.
Nevertheless, in his all-too-brief career, he managed to combine and extend the soaring improvisational transcendence of John Coltrane , the rhythmic virtuosity of James Brown , the bluesy intimacy of John Lee Hooker , the lyrical aesthetic of Bob Dylan, the bare-knuckle onstage aggression of the Who, and the hallucinatory studio fantasias of the Beatles.
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He played for hours daily, watching others and learning from more experienced guitarists, and listening to blues artists such as Muddy Waters , B.
King , Howlin' Wolf , and Robert Johnson. Soon after he acquired the acoustic guitar, Hendrix formed his first band, the Velvetones. Without an electric guitar, he could barely be heard over the sound of the group.
After about three months, he realized that he needed an electric guitar. When his guitar was stolen after he left it backstage overnight, Al bought him a red Silvertone Danelectro.
Before Hendrix was 19 years old, law authorities had twice caught him riding in stolen cars. Given a choice between prison or joining the Army , he chose the latter and enlisted on May 31, They work you to death, fussing and fighting.
Hendrix completed his paratrooper training in just over eight months, and Major General C. Rich awarded him the prestigious Screaming Eagles patch on January 11, They labeled him an unqualified marksman and often caught him napping while on duty and failing to report for bed checks.
Spears, filed a report in which he stated: "He has no interest whatsoever in the Army It is my opinion that Private Hendrix will never come up to the standards required of a soldier.
I feel that the military service will benefit if he is discharged as soon as possible. He later explained: "The idea of doing that came to me Down there you have to play with your teeth or else you get shot.
There's a trail of broken teeth all over the stage. Although they began playing low-paying gigs at obscure venues, the band eventually moved to Nashville 's Jefferson Street, which was the traditional heart of the city's black community and home to a thriving rhythm and blues music scene.
In January , feeling he had outgrown the circuit artistically, and frustrated by having to follow the rules of bandleaders, Hendrix decided to venture out on his own.
He moved into the Hotel Theresa in Harlem , where he befriended Lithofayne Pridgon, known as "Faye", who became his girlfriend.
At the recommendation of a former associate of Joe Tex , Ronnie Isley granted Hendrix an audition that led to an offer to become the guitarist with the Isley Brothers ' back-up band, the I.
Specials, which he readily accepted. Released in June, it failed to chart. Issued in August by Rosemart Records and distributed by Atlantic , the track reached number 35 on the Billboard chart.
Hendrix toured with the Isleys during much of , but near the end of October, after growing tired of playing the same set every night, he left the band.
The single failed to chart, but Hendrix and Lee began a friendship that lasted several years; Hendrix later became an ardent supporter of Lee's band, Love.
The video recording of the show marks the earliest known footage of Hendrix performing. Despite his two-year contract with Sue,  Hendrix signed a three-year recording contract with entrepreneur Ed Chalpin on October They failed to see Hendrix's musical potential, and rejected him.
Following Hendrix's arrival in London, Chandler began recruiting members for a band designed to highlight his talents, the Jimi Hendrix Experience.
Mitchell, who had recently been fired from Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames , participated in a rehearsal with Redding and Hendrix where they found common ground in their shared interest in rhythm and blues.
When Chandler phoned Mitchell later that day to offer him the position, he readily accepted. I said, 'Of course', but I had a funny feeling about him.
I mean he did a few of his tricks, like playing with his teeth and behind his back, but it wasn't in an upstaging sense at all, and that was it He walked off, and my life was never the same again".
In mid-October , Chandler arranged an engagement for the Experience as Johnny Hallyday 's supporting act during a brief tour of France.
If it must have a tag, I'd like it to be called, 'Free Feeling'. It's a mixture of rock, freak-out, rave and blues". On March 31, , while the Experience waited to perform at the London Astoria , Hendrix and Chandler discussed ways in which they could increase the band's media exposure.
When Chandler asked journalist Keith Altham for advice, Altham suggested that they needed to do something more dramatic than the stage show of the Who, which involved the smashing of instruments.
Hendrix joked: "Maybe I can smash up an elephant", to which Altham replied: "Well, it's a pity you can't set fire to your guitar". During the show, Hendrix gave an especially dynamic performance before setting his guitar on fire at the end of a minute set.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Pepper 's title track , which was released just three days previous.
McCartney described the moment: "The curtains flew back and he came walking forward playing 'Sgt. It's a pretty major compliment in anyone's book.
I put that down as one of the great honors of my career. In , Noe Goldwasser, the founding editor of Guitar World magazine, described Are You Experienced as "the album that shook the world He insisted that the event would be incomplete without Hendrix, whom he called "an absolute ace on the guitar".
McCartney agreed to join the board of organizers on the condition that the Experience perform at the festival in mid-June. On June 18, ,  introduced by Brian Jones as "the most exciting performer [he had] ever heard", Hendrix opened with a fast arrangement of Howlin' Wolf's song "Killing Floor", wearing what author Keith Shadwick described as "clothes as exotic as any on display elsewhere".
When Jimi Hendrix set his guitar on fire at the Monterey Pop Festival he created one of rock's most perfect moments.
Standing in the front row of that concert was a year-old boy named Ed Caraeff. Caraeff had never seen Hendrix before nor heard his music, but he had a camera with him and there was one shot left in his roll of film.
As Hendrix lit his guitar, Caraeff took a final photo. It would become one of the most famous images in rock and roll.
Caraeff stood on a chair next to the edge of the stage and took four monochrome pictures of Hendrix burning his guitar. Rolling Stone later colorized the image, matching it with other pictures taken at the festival before using the shot for a magazine cover.
Whitaker wrote that "Hendrix's burning of his guitar became an iconic image in rock history and brought him national attention".
You sacrifice things you love. I love my guitar. Pennebaker , and included in the concert documentary Monterey Pop , which helped Hendrix gain popularity with the US public.
The Experience outperformed Jefferson Airplane during the first two nights, and replaced them at the top of the bill on the fifth.
The second Experience album, Axis: Bold as Love , opens with the track "EXP", which uses microphonic and harmonic feedback in a new, creative fashion.
The scheduled release date for Axis was almost delayed when Hendrix lost the master tape of side one of the LP, leaving it in the back seat of a London taxi.
Bassist Noel Redding had a tape recording of this mix, which had to be smoothed out with an iron as it had gotten wrinkled. Axis featured psychedelic cover art that depicts Hendrix and the Experience as various avatars of Vishnu , incorporating a painting of them by Roger Law , from a photo-portrait by Karl Ferris.
I'm not that kind of Indian. While author and journalist Richie Unterberger described Axis as the least impressive Experience album, according to author Peter Doggett, the release "heralded a new subtlety in Hendrix's work".
It could have been the start of any potential conflict between him and Chas in the studio. Recording for the Experience's third and final studio album, Electric Ladyland , began as early as December 20, , at Olympic Studios.
It was a party, not a session. During the Electric Ladyland recording sessions, Hendrix began experimenting with other combinations of musicians, including Jefferson Airplane's Jack Casady and Traffic's Steve Winwood , who played bass and organ, respectively, on the minute slow-blues jam, " Voodoo Chile ".
King, Al Kooper , and Elvin Bishop. In January , after an absence of more than six months, Hendrix briefly moved back into his girlfriend Kathy Etchingham's Brook Street apartment, which was next door to what is now the Handel House Museum in the West End of London.
By February , Redding had grown weary of Hendrix's unpredictable work ethic and his creative control over the Experience's music.
On the second it was no show at all. I went to the pub for three hours, came back, and it was still ages before Jimi ambled in.
Then we argued On the last day, I just watched it happen for a while, and then went back to my flat. The last performance of the original Experience lineup took place on June 29, , at Barry Fey's Denver Pop Festival , a three-day event held at Denver 's Mile High Stadium that was marked by police using tear gas to control the audience.
If we'd go out, Jimi would stay in his room. But any bad feelings came from us being three guys who were traveling too hard, getting too tired, and taking too many drugs I liked Hendrix.
I don't like Mitchell. Soon after Redding's departure, Hendrix began lodging at the eight-bedroom Ashokan House, in the hamlet of Boiceville near Woodstock in upstate New York, where he had spent some time vacationing in mid By , Hendrix was the world's highest-paid rock musician.
The band rehearsed for less than two weeks before the performance, and according to Mitchell, they never connected musically.
Hendrix decided to move his midnight Sunday slot to Monday morning, closing the show. For short, it's nothin' but a 'Band of Gypsys'.
Hendrix's performance included a rendition of the US national anthem, " The Star-Spangled Banner ", with copious feedback, distortion, and sustain to imitate the sounds made by rockets and bombs.
Three weeks later Hendrix said: "We're all Americans We play it the way the air is in America today. The air is slightly static, see.
Upon leaving the stage, he collapsed from exhaustion. A legal dispute arose in regarding a record contract that Hendrix had entered into the previous year with producer Ed Chalpin.
Hendrix decided that they would record the LP, Band of Gypsys , during two live appearances. Hendrix had been recording with Cox since April and jamming with Miles since September, and the trio wrote and rehearsed material which they performed at a series of four shows over two nights on December 31 and January 1, at the Fillmore East.
They used recordings of these concerts to assemble the LP, which was produced by Hendrix. In this performance, Jimi transcended the medium of rock music, and set an entirely new standard for the potential of electric guitar.
The Band of Gypsys album was the only official live Hendrix LP made commercially available during his lifetime; several tracks from the Woodstock and Monterey shows were released later that year.
He didn't move until it was time for the show. He then began playing "Earth Blues" before telling the audience: "That's what happens when earth fucks with space".
Soon after the abruptly ended Band of Gypsys performance and their subsequent dissolution, Jeffery made arrangements to reunite the original Experience lineup.
During the first half of , Hendrix sporadically worked on material for what would have been his next LP. Forum , performing for 20, people. At one of them, the second Atlanta International Pop Festival , on July 4, he played to the largest American audience of his career.
With round windows, an ambient lighting machine, and a psychedelic mural, Storyk wanted the studio to have a relaxing environment that would encourage Hendrix's creativity.
When the European leg of the Cry of Love tour began, Hendrix was longing for his new studio and creative outlet, and was not eager to fulfill the commitment.
On September 2, , he abandoned a performance in Aarhus after three songs, stating: "I've been dead a long time".
Three days after the performance, Cox, who was suffering from severe paranoia after either taking LSD or being given it unknowingly, quit the tour and went to stay with his parents in Pennsylvania.
His performance was uncharacteristically subdued; he quietly played backing guitar, and refrained from the histrionics that people had come to expect from him.
Hendrix entered a small club in Clarksville, Tennessee, in July , drawn in by live music. People tell me I get foolish, good-natured sometimes.
Anyway, I guess I felt real benevolent that day. I must have been handing out bills to anyone that asked me.
I came out of that place with sixteen dollars left. Shapiro and Glebbeek, however, assert that Hendrix used it in June at the earliest while attending the Monterey Pop Festival.
One of Keith's friends offered Hendrix acid , a street name for LSD, but Hendrix asked for LSD instead, showing what Cross describes as "his naivete and his complete inexperience with psychedelics".
When Hendrix drank to excess or mixed drugs with alcohol, often he became angry and violent. In January , the Experience travelled to Sweden to start a one-week tour of Europe.
During the early morning hours of the first day, Hendrix got into a drunken brawl in the Hotel Opalen in Gothenburg , smashing a plate-glass window and injuring his right hand, for which he received medical treatment.
In , Hendrix rented a house in Benedict Canyon , California, that was burglarized. Later, while under the influence of drugs and alcohol, he accused his friend Paul Caruso of the theft, threw punches and stones at him, and chased him away from his house.
Hendrix was passing through customs at Toronto International Airport on May 3, when authorities found a small amount of heroin and hashish in his luggage.
He was required to return on May 5 for an arraignment hearing. Details are disputed concerning Hendrix's last day and death. Coroner Gavin Thurston ordered a post-mortem examination which was performed on September 21 by Professor Robert Donald Teare , a forensic pathologist.
Desmond Henley embalmed Hendrix's body  which was flown to Seattle on September Jimi Hendrix is part of the 27 Club , a list of musicians who died when they were 27 years old.
By , as Hendrix was gaining in popularity, many of his pre-Experience recordings were marketed to an unsuspecting public as Jimi Hendrix albums, sometimes with misleading later images of Hendrix.
Today I spend at least twelve hours on each song. Some of Hendrix's unfinished fourth studio album was released as the title The Cry of Love.
In , MCA Records delayed a multimillion-dollar sale of Hendrix's publishing copyrights because Al Hendrix was unhappy about the arrangement.
Hendrix played a variety of guitars, but was most associated with the Fender Stratocaster. Hendrix mainly played right-handed guitars that were turned upside down and restrung for left-hand playing.
Marshall amps were important to the development of Hendrix's overdriven sound and his use of feedback, creating what author Paul Trynka described as a "definitive vocabulary for rock guitar".
One of Hendrix's signature effects was the wah-wah pedal , which he first heard used with an electric guitar in Cream's " Tales of Brave Ulysses ", released in May Hendrix was fascinated by Zappa's application of the pedal, and he experimented with one later that evening.
Hendrix used a Dallas Arbiter Fuzz Face and a Vox wah pedal during recording sessions and performances, but also experimented with other guitar effects.
Hendrix also used the Uni-Vibe , designed to simulate the modulation effects of a rotating Leslie speaker. He uses the effect during his performance at Woodstock and on the Band of Gypsys track "Machine Gun", which prominently features the Uni-vibe along with an Octavia and a Fuzz Face.
As an adolescent in the s, Hendrix became interested in rock and roll artists such as Elvis Presley , Little Richard , and Chuck Berry.
King inspired him during the beginning of his career; he also cited Eddie Cochran as an early influence. Cox stated that during their time serving in the US military, he and Hendrix primarily listened to southern blues artists such as Jimmy Reed and Albert King.
According to Cox, "King was a very, very powerful influence". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame biography for the Experience states: "Jimi Hendrix was arguably the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music.
Hendrix expanded the range and vocabulary of the electric guitar into areas no musician had ever ventured before. His boundless drive, technical ability and creative application of such effects as wah-wah and distortion forever transformed the sound of rock and roll.
His achievement was to reclaim title to a musical form pioneered by black innovators like Little Richard and Chuck Berry in the s.
Hendrix favored overdriven amplifiers with high volume and gain. This method has been described as piano style, with the thumb playing what a pianist's left hand would play and the other fingers playing melody as a right hand.
He was the first. He started it all. The rest is history. Hendrix received several prestigious rock music awards during his lifetime and posthumously.
The blue plaque identifying Hendrix's former residence at 23 Brook Street , London, next door to the former residence of George Frideric Handel was the first issued by English Heritage to commemorate a pop star.
The marker text reads, in part: "Over thirty musical acts performed, including rock icon Jimi Hendrix playing to the largest American audience of his career.
Billy Cox, the last surviving member of the group was on hand to accept, along with representatives of the Buddy Miles and Hendrix estates.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American guitarist, singer and songwriter. For the album, see The Jimi Hendrix Experience album.
For other uses of Hendrix, see Hendrix disambiguation. Hendrix performing on the Dutch television show Hoepla in Main article: Are You Experienced.
Main article: Monterey Pop Festival. Main article: Axis: Bold as Love. An excerpt from the outro guitar solo. The sample demonstrates the first recording of stereo phasing.
Main article: Electric Ladyland. Main article: Woodstock. The sample demonstrates Hendrix's use of feedback. Main article: Band of Gypsys.