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Basics Of Football Navigation menu VideoThe Fundamentals Of Football - Ball Control The following list fills you in on the basic American football terms you need to know: Backfield: The group of offensive players — the running backs and quarterback — who line up behind the line of scrimmage. Down: A period of action that starts when the ball is put into play and ends when the ball. In American football, the quarterback relays to his teammates in the huddle what play the c The secondary is the name given to the group of players on In football, most special teams involve the placekicker or field goal kicker. The Basic Rules of Football The Football Field. The playing field is yards long with a yard end zone for each team. The field has stripes Teams. Football features two teams playing against each other. Each team is allowed to have eleven men on the field at Starting the Game. The game. The Fundamentals of Football In American football, two teams of eleven players each take to a yard field with the ultimate goal of scoring points via a touchdown or field goal. That is the entire game in a nutshell, but it is more complex than that. Gear Essentials for Football. It's important that football players wear and use proper equipment to prevent injuries and maximize performance on the field. Be sure to have all of the following before heading into the first practice of the season.
The offense, or the team with control of the ball, attempts to advance the ball down the field by running or passing the ball, while the opposing team aims to stop their advance and tries to take control of the ball.
The object of the game is for one team to outscore the other. This is accomplished by advancing the football down the field and scoring as many points as possible.
Scoring can occur in the form of a touchdown, an extra point conversion, a two-point conversion, a field goal or a safety. The game is divided into two halves of 30 minutes and four quarters of 15 minutes.
The average duration of a football game is three hours. The playing field is yards long with a yard end zone for each team.
The field has stripes running the width of the field at 5-yard intervals. There are also shorter lines, called hash marks, marking each single yard interval down the field.
Offside can be called when an attacking player is in front of the last defender when the pass is played through to them. To be onside they must be placed behind the last defender when the ball is played to them.
If the player is in front of that last defender then he is deemed to be offside and free kick to the defending team will be called.
A player cannot be caught offside in their own half. The goalkeeper does not count as a defender. If the ball is played backwards and the player is in front of the last defender then he is deemed to be not offside.
An indirect free kick is usually awarded for an infraction of the rules, not necessarily aimed at a player of the opposing team.
Direct free kicks are allowed to go into the goal with only one person touching the ball. Indirect free kicks are indicated by the referee raising his arm from the time the foul is awarded until it is first touched by a player other than the taker of the free kick.
If a shot from an indirect free kick goes into the opponents' goal without having been touched by another player, no goal is scored and a goal kick is awarded to the defending team.
A difficult concept for many to grasp is advantage, a player may foul another player and yet a foul may not be called if that players team does not lose the advantage.
An example would be if a player was knocked down in the course of passing the ball to the team mate who scored.
A penalty kick is the kick rewarded to a team whose opponent's player commits a foul inside its own box for which the sanction is a direct free kick.
The ball is kept at a spot marked 12 yards from the centre of the goal. No player other than the penalty taker is allowed within 10 yards of the ball until it has been struck: the goalkeeper is the only other player allowed in the penalty area during this time, and he may not advance from his line until the penalty has been taken.
The taker cannot touch the ball again until another player has touched it. A goal is rewarded if the ball goes in the net. If the ball leaves the field of play at the side-line, play is restarted with a throw-in or throw-on.
The thrower must have both feet on the ground, outside of the playing area, and must throw the ball from behind his head with two hands.
A goal is not scored if the ball is thrown into the goal from a throw-in without it touching another player. If a member of the other team is the last person to touch the ball before it crosses the goal line or if the ball enters the goal directly from a goal-kick, throw in or indirect free kick, a member of the defending team restarts play with a kick from inside the area marked by a line 6 yards from the goal.
The ball is not in play until it leaves the penalty area. If a member of the defending team is the last person to touch the ball before it crosses the goal line or if the ball enters the goal directly from a goal-kick, throw in or indirect free kick taken by the defending team, a member of the attacking team restarts play with a kick from the quarter circle at the corner of the pitch nearest to where the ball left the pitch.
For more information on the basics, see FIFA Laws Of The Game. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world.
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There are separate teams filled with players that are specialists in each. When a team has control of the ball, their offense takes the field , including the quarterback, halfback, receivers, tight ends, and the center.
On the flip side, the defense takes over when the opposing team is trying to score. This is when the defensive and nose tackles and linebackers are called up.
These positions include the punter, place kicker, kick returner, and long snapper who most often play when the football is being kicked.
Football is all about getting the ball as far down the field as quickly as possible. Field goal: A kick, worth three points, that can be attempted from anywhere on the field but is usually attempted within 40 yards of the goalpost.
Like an extra point, a kick must sail above the crossbar and between the uprights of the goalpost to be ruled good. Fumble: The act of losing possession of the ball while running with it or being tackled.
Members of the offense and defense can recover a fumble. If the defense recovers the fumble, the fumble is called a turnover. Handoff: The act of giving the ball to another player.
Handoffs usually occur between the quarterback and a running back. Hash marks: The lines on the center of the field that signify 1 yard on the field.
Before every play, the ball is spotted between the hash marks or on the hash marks, depending on where the ball carrier was tackled on the preceding play.
Huddle: When the 11 players on the field come together to discuss strategy between plays. On offense, the quarterback relays the plays in the huddle.
Incompletion: A forward pass that falls to the ground because no receiver could catch it, or a pass that a receiver dropped or caught out of bounds.
A kickoff is used at the start of the first and third quarters and after every touchdown and successful field goal. Line of scrimmage: An imaginary line that extends from where the football is placed at the end of a play to both sides of the field.
Neither the offense nor the defense can cross the line until the football is put in play again. Offensive line: The human wall of five men who block for and protect the quarterback and ball carriers.
Every line has a center who snaps the ball , two guards, and two tackles. Punt: A kick made when a player drops the ball and kicks it while it falls toward his foot.Basics of American football & how to play. Goal. The aim of American football is to move the ball to the opposition’s goal zone and ultimately to its touchdown zone. This is accomplished by either throwing the balloon until it is attacked, or throwing the ball at one of his teammates. The socks. Lows are the most fundamental part of the NFL game. Though football places an emphasis on winning, something valuable can be gained even if you fall short. Find out how you should approach winning and losing in youth football. See more football drills & tips or find a football camp near you. Share this article. Discuss This Article. Football pits the offense, the team with the ball, against the defense, which tries to prevent the offense from scoring. Each side lines up facing the other with the football in the middle. Football offensive positions: The offensive side is the side who has possession of the football.